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Searching for subsurface water aquifers typically involves a combination of geological, geophysical, and hydrological techniques. Geologists study the local geology and hydrogeology to identify potential areas where aquifers may exist. They use techniques such as seismic surveys, electrical resistivity tomography, and ground-penetrating radar to gather data on the subsurface structure and properties of the earth. Hydrologists then analyze this data to identify areas with high potential for water storage and movement. Drilling test wells or boreholes is often necessary to collect direct samples of the subsurface rock and water, which helps to confirm the presence and quality of the aquifer. Additionally, remote sensing technologies such as satellite imagery and aerial photography can also be used to identify surface features that may indicate the presence of subsurface water, such as changes in vegetation or soil moisture levels.

Vol 1: 14 Water